There are several key differences when comparing oil-based wood paints versus water-based deck stains. Water-based paints do not hold up well in wet conditions compared to oil-based deck stains. Therefore, the advantages of each are different. Let’s examine the differences between these deck stains so you can make an informed decision.
Type of Pigment or Base Used to Make the Stain:
One stain may be removed with water and the other with oil. Oil- and water-based deck stains perform differently because of the solvent qualities of each.
- The Drying Period:
Water-based deck stains have a short drying period because of the property of water that allows it to dry rapidly. On the other hand, oil-based paints take 24 hours to cure and are heavier than water. Since complete drying requires the solvent of the dye to evaporate, drying times can vary.
Also, you’ll need to wait at least three days before applying another coat of oil-based colors to the deck. The water-based deck stain can be completely dried in 30–40 minutes because of the rapid pace at which water evaporates. However, environmental factors significantly impact drying time more than the solvent itself. Therefore, the drying times for the two stains may be different.
- Scratch resistance
More than water-based stains, oil-based deck stains appear to be scratch-resistant. That’s because oil-based paints look so much better when they’re finished. The protective coating prevents the deck from showing any signs of wear and tear. However, because the surface of water-based dyes is dry and lacks a natural gloss, they are easily destroyed by dings and scratches.
- Quality And Longevity:
When comparing water-based versus oil-based deck stains, it is clear that the latter is superior in strength and durability. This is because the dyes need more time to solidify in oil-based deck stains than in water-based pigments. Oil-based stains have a longer lifespan compared to water-based paints because of their greater rigidity and resistance to scratches, distortions, and cracking.
- Characteristics of the finish Surface
Water-based stains provide a dry, grainy surface, while oil-based colors produce a glossy one. Paint has a polished finish due to the oil used in its production. On the other hand, water-based dyes usually look more brilliant and new than oil-based stains. Consequently, the coat finish is a personal preference.
Water-based deck stains are not water-repellent because their solvent is water. As a result, it readily soaks up water, while oil-based stains don’t. The top coat of most oil-based wood paints makes them water-resistant. The oil’s resistance to water comes from the fact that it is insoluble in water.
- Use indoors and outdoors.
Stains based on water or oil can be used indoors or out, and vice versa. You need to decide whether you’re painting the inside or outside. Stains from water-based paints dry quickly and contain few volatile organic compounds (volatile organic chemicals). For this reason, indoor spaces typically favor water-based colors over outdoor stains.
Paint odors and fumes evaporate rapidly when exposed to fresh air. To that end, oil-based stains perform admirably in the open air. Oil-based deck stains are more long-lasting and water-resistant, letting the color flourish in the open air.
- Maintenance and cleaning
Regular maintenance and cleaning are critical to preserving the appearance of your stain for the long term. Both water-based and oil-based paints are low-maintenance. However, there are distinct methods for each. A washcloth will remove water-based paints, while a damp cloth will do the trick for more permanent ones. On the other hand, oil-based paints are low-maintenance since they don’t attract dust or dirt.
Oils are a very pricey raw resource. This explains why oil-soluble goods are always more expensive. Oil-based deck stains are much more costly than their water-based counterparts. When opposed to water-based colors, oil-based ones require a larger dose. Using oil-based paints also leads to higher prices.
Water-based stains have better resistance to fading caused by sunlight, so their colors remain bright for longer. Oil-based wood paints tend to yellow more quickly when exposed to sunshine. Oil-based wood paints are not UV-resistant and fade more rapidly in direct sunshine. For this reason, water-based colors are preferable if your deck is exposed to more sunlight than snowfall and vice versa.
When covering your deck, water-based wood paints may be more challenging than oil-based stains. Painting with oil-based dyes is simple because they penetrate the wood better than water-based wood stains. On the other hand, oil spills make washing a considerable hassle. Because of this, be careful not to drop your oil stain.
In conclusion, the two-deck stains contrast in numerous ways. However, the above guide should help you decide on the best.