The primary purpose of a business is to create a customer because it is the customer that will determine the growth potential of a business. Many CBDs are facing several problems, such as congestion that has led to parking restrictions, and decline not only with the increasing growth of out-of-town developments with shopping centers and office parks very close to major highway intersections, but also with the cyclical decrease of business activity.
Despite the area being described as the city centre, it is neither the geographic or demographic centre of Melbourne; due to urban sprawl to the south east the geographic centre is in the southeastern suburbs (in 2002 is was located at Bourne Street, Glen Iris 19 ).
Karachi is Pakistan’s largest city and the country’s economic hub; the I. I. Chundrigar Road of the city, often called the “Wall Street of Pakistan,” acts as Karachi’s main financial district and is essentially a center of economic and industrial activity.
Fig 11 shows that the average degree distribution, average path lengths and node betweenness of CBD of the simulated Beijing road network are similar with the real Beijing road network when the parameter Î±1 = 0.01 and Î±2 = 0.5. Fig 12 gives the average degree distribution, average path lengths and node betweenness of CBD of the simulated China road network.
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